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Introduction to Dart Programming Language

Basics of Dart Programming Language

American multinational technology company

American multinational technology company.

Dart is a client-optimized language developed by Google for creating fast apps on any platform. It is the backbone of Flutter, Google's UI toolkit for building beautiful, natively compiled applications for mobile, web, and desktop from a single codebase. This article will provide a comprehensive introduction to the basics of Dart programming language, including its syntax, variables, data types, and control flow structures.

Introduction to Dart

Dart was developed by Google to address the challenges of modern app development. It is an object-oriented, class-based language with C-style syntax. Dart can compile to either native code or JavaScript, enabling developers to write Dart code that can run on multiple platforms without modification.

Dart Syntax

The syntax of Dart is clear and concise, making it easy to read and write. It is similar to languages like Java and C#, so if you have experience with these languages, you will find Dart syntax familiar. Here is a simple Dart program to print "Hello, World!":

void main() { print('Hello, World!'); }

In this program, void main() is the entry point of the Dart program, and print('Hello, World!'); is a statement that prints the string "Hello, World!" to the console.

Variables and Data Types

Dart has a strong typing system. It supports several built-in data types:

  • Numbers: Dart supports two types of numbers:
    • int: Integer values.
    • double: Floating-point numbers.
  • Strings: A sequence of characters. Dart strings are Unicode compliant.
  • Booleans: Dart uses the bool keyword for boolean values, which can be either true or false.
  • Lists and Maps: Dart also supports complex types like lists (arrays in other languages) and maps (hashes or dictionaries in other languages).

Variables in Dart can be declared using the var keyword, or by specifying the type directly. For example:

var name = 'John Doe'; // String var age = 25; // int var height = 1.80; // double

Control Flow Structures

Control flow structures in Dart allow you to control the flow of execution of your code. Dart supports the following control flow structures:

  • Conditional Statements: Dart supports if, else if, else, and switch statements for conditional execution of code.
  • Loops: Dart supports for, while, and do-while loops for repeating a block of code.

Here is an example of a simple if-else statement in Dart:

var number = 10; if (number % 2 == 0) { print('Even'); } else { print('Odd'); }

In this program, the if statement checks if the number is divisible by 2. If it is, it prints "Even". Otherwise, it prints "Odd".

In conclusion, Dart is a powerful and flexible language that is easy to learn and use. Its strong typing system and clear syntax make it a great choice for modern app development.