French 101

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Introduction and Review

Basics of French: Numbers, Days of the Week, and More

Romance language

Romance language.

In this unit, we will cover some of the fundamental aspects of the French language, including numbers, days of the week, months, seasons, and basic expressions of time.


In French, the numbers from 1 to 10 are as follows:

  1. Un
  2. Deux
  3. Trois
  4. Quatre
  5. Cinq
  6. Six
  7. Sept
  8. Huit
  9. Neuf
  10. Dix

For numbers 11 to 20, there are specific words you need to remember:

  1. Onze
  2. Douze
  3. Treize
  4. Quatorze
  5. Quinze
  6. Seize
  7. Dix-sept
  8. Dix-huit
  9. Dix-neuf
  10. Vingt

From 21 to 100, the pattern becomes more regular, with the tens followed by the units (e.g., vingt-et-un (21), trente-deux (32), quarante-trois (43), etc.).

Days of the Week

The days of the week in French are:

  • Lundi (Monday)
  • Mardi (Tuesday)
  • Mercredi (Wednesday)
  • Jeudi (Thursday)
  • Vendredi (Friday)
  • Samedi (Saturday)
  • Dimanche (Sunday)

Note that unlike in English, the days of the week are not capitalized in French unless they start a sentence.

Months and Seasons

The months in French are:

  • Janvier (January)
  • Février (February)
  • Mars (March)
  • Avril (April)
  • Mai (May)
  • Juin (June)
  • Juillet (July)
  • Août (August)
  • Septembre (September)
  • Octobre (October)
  • Novembre (November)
  • Décembre (December)

The seasons are:

  • Printemps (Spring)
  • Été (Summer)
  • Automne (Autumn)
  • Hiver (Winter)

Basic Expressions of Time

Here are some basic expressions of time:

  • Aujourd'hui (Today)
  • Demain (Tomorrow)
  • Hier (Yesterday)
  • Maintenant (Now)
  • Plus tard (Later)
  • Tout de suite (Right away)

By mastering these basics, you will have a solid foundation to build upon as we delve into more complex aspects of the French language in the upcoming units.